webFuuta / History
Joseph Earl Harris
The Kingdom of Fouta-Diallon
Evanston, Illinois. 1965. 180 p. (Ph.D. Dissertation in History)
Protectorate Treaty of 6 February 1897
between France and Fouta-Diallon*
- The Almamys place Fouta-Diallon under French authority.
- France is obliged to respect the constitution of Fouta-Diallon which will function under the authority of the Governor of Guinea and under the direct control of a French official who will take the title of Resident of Fouta-Diallon.
- Recognized Almamys will exercise power alternately, conforming to the constitution of Fouta-Diallon.
- In case of death or renunciation of power by an Almamy, his successor will be presented by the chiefs of the provinces; his nomination must be approved by the Governor of Guinea and Governor-general of French West Africa.
- The chiefs of the provinces will be named by the Almamy, after having been previously presented to and agreed upon by the Governor of Guinea.
- France will establish where it deems necessary residences, military posts, and public works.
- Commerce will be done freely and on an equal footing between the indigenous people and the French. French commerce will be exempt from all interior duties.
- Subsequent conventions to be arranged between the Governor of Guinea and the Almamy will regulate, after approval by the Governor-general of West Africa, the conditions in which concessions of land should be made to French citizens, as well as duties which will be laid on the people of Fouta-Diallon.
A part of these taxes will be reserved to the Almamy and provincial chiefs.
- All former treaties are abrogated.
- The present treaty will be submitted for ratification by the government of the French republic.
Made in triple copies at Timbo on 6 Februar 1897 and signed in French and Arabic.
*Translation from the French text of the Treaty in the Guinean archives.